If you treat patient with hypoxic respiratory failure you really need to understand what is going on in their lungs. These two tutorials look at diseases of the lung parenchyma and how blood flow and gas flow interact. The first tutorial focuses on alveolar oxygen content and how it is impacted by disease. I explain the concept of airway closure (which will will revisit in detail several times during this series), stale alveolar gas, the various causes of atelectasis and the six S approach to figuring out what is going on in the airways (Slimy, Soggy, Sticky, Stiff, Squished, Shunty).
Mechanisms of Hypoxemia – Part 1